Garden Calendar November 2016
Have you already done all the GARDEN´S required maintenance for the month of November? No??
Well you better get on with it! Because there are many necessary tasks...
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OTHERWISE, IF YOU WISH TO DO IT YOURSELF, HERE ARE ALL NECESSARY RECOMMENDATIONS:
In November, in the northern hemisphere and particularly in Spain, the days are shorter, more frequent rains and lower temperatures take over the warm atmosphere that we have been used to for months.
We are in autumn, and as we mentioned in October, is an ideal time for composting and fertilizing (we recommend you only use organic ones), pruning, planting, trailing jobs... In this month, many of the plants that bloom at this time of year, do it big time and the other many of those that don´t, delight us with changing colour of their leaves. Also mushroom´s season starts and we must be careful because some are very toxic.
Within the November garden calendar we recommend:
The first frost can arrive soon, so if we have irrigation facilities that we will not use, we should empty them to prevent ice damage. And if the garden furniture is not aluminium or stone made, we should protect them from the cold and moisture placing them in a suitable area. There are plants like Pyracanta,Tibouchina semidecandra, Arbutus, Bignonia (Podranea ricasoleana), Primula acaulis, Pansy Viola sp. ... which begin to be at their best ornamental time.
Vegetable & fruits calendar for November:
The cold days arrive and we have to finish cleaning the urban garden of vegetables which season has ended and we have to incorporate compost.
It’s a good idea to mix the dried leaves of the garden on the ground to increase the level of organic matter in the phase that they have started to degrade which is very important to the life cycle of many soil microorganisms.
We should sow winter vegetables like spinach, rhubarb, water cress ... and if we have made seedbeds: winter lettuces, chards, collards, endives, beans, etc. we should transplant them to their final place.
We should plant the artichoke plant bushes, but if you already did it last month, we will replace the failures that had occurred.
We can start with pruning deciduous fruit trees, those that already are in dormancy. And if these are trailed, we should untie its branches, prune and trail again.
We will reduce compost to a minimum.
We are in the final moments of grape harvest. If the variety and climatology allows to, we can even protect grape bunches with foil to keep the grapes up till Christmas.
We can also start with the harvest of the early varieties of oranges. And the seasonal typical forest fruits if we have them (currants, grapes, sloes ...).
Other fruit trees in full production now are: kiwis, hazel, quinces, pomegranates ... and the later apples and pears.
It's time to install the tunnel panels, quilting and enter pots in the greenhouse... it's time to protect those most delicate plants.
Lawn calendar for November:
Finish with new plantings or replanting ... if you do not do it now, you will need to wait for the arrival of spring.
We will decrease irrigation/watering avoiding the lawn being wet by night time. Cold and humidity are great allies for Botrytis.
Mowing cuts must be very far apart and higher in length to protect lawn roots from the cold.
Decrease composting to the minimum and these must be rich in potassium to strengthen it for the winter.
Still a good time to scarify and incorporate a good top dressing.
Raking leaves of deciduous trees keeping the lawn clean to prevent it being damaged.
If the first colds arrive early and there are morning frosts, we should not step on the lawn, is better to give a light irrigation to melt the ice away.
Garden calendar for November:
It is a good month before winter arrives to perform the last pruning as a retouching´s formation and cleaning of shrubs and hedges.
We can start pruning the trees and shrubs that are deciduous and already in dormancy, and with climbing plants, that need it, too. And if these are trailed as in the case of climbing plants, we should untie its branches, prune and trail again.
We should no longer prune those shrubs that bloom before their blossom like Forsythia intermedia or Hydrangeas. If we do so, we run the risk of losing their spring blossoming.
Figure 1Forsythia intermedia
We can start planting the autumn and winter season plantslike wallflower, Bellis, Calceolaria, Calendula,Cineraria, Chrysantemumpaludosum, Pansies, Primula acaulis, Primula obconica, Viola cornuta ...
It's time to cut short the aerial part of the vivacious plants and shrubs such as Laurel, Holly, Cotoneaster, Pyracantha, etc. and/or transplanting plants that require higher pots.
We will collect berries from our shrubs if they are mature and, of course, are edible.
We will reduce the frequency of watering and avoid the plants reaching the night wet night. Cold and humidity are great allies for Botrytis.
We will reduce composting to the minimum and we will do so rich in potash fertilizer.
Choose and start the plantation of bulbs that bloom during the winter and early spring.
If we see risk of significant temperature drops, we can sheathe plants with special geotextile frost.
November is a month that usually has some days with strong winds. Protect those most sensitive plants, especially if the air is very cold/icy.
Collection of dried leaves is important, not only from the aesthetic or healthy point of view, but is also an ideal source material to get a good compost which is rich in phosphorus and potash. In addition leaves, with their brown and red colours, can serve us well to decorate some spaces in the garden.
Calendar of houseplants in November:
Avoid locating our plants near radiators and increase the ambient humidity if we have begun to turn the heating on.
Try to relocate our plants looking for better lit areas.
If any plant requires transplanting and we haven´t done so yet, it´s worth wait for the spring.
Careful when airing rooms because we will have our plants near windows.
Fertilize with each watering, and spread in time to the recommended doses with fertilizers that are richer in potash.
Remember that when we go to bed we usually switch of the heating of certain parts of the house. Take care of our plants in those parts.
Take special care with diseases such as Botrytis as is favoured at low temperatures and high humidity.
Terraces´ care calendar for November:
Protect the most delicate species as they will be exposed to frosts and wind. If necessary put them inside the home in critical days.
Distance irrigation´s time, trying to fertilise every second watering with a fertilizer rich in potassium to prevent sprouting out of time.
Planting season plants if desired, those that are most suitable for the autumn and winter like: Wallflower, Bellis,Calceolaria, Calecalendula, cineraria, Chrysantemum paludosum, Pansies, Primula acaulis, Primula obconica, buttercups, Viola cornuta ...
Prune and clean branches and creepers when they finish their blossoming, and start trailing then in the right direction for when they will begin to grow their new branches.
Prune aromatic´s so that they start again their blossom facing towards autumn.
Plant autumn bulbs onto planters. Remember the recommended depth and distance between bulbs for each of the species.